The Biggest Tsunami Records in History


VIVAnews – Gempa berkekuatan 7,2SR yang mengguncang Kepulauan Mentawai, Sumatera Barat, Senin 25 Oktober 2010, menimbulkan serangan gelombang maut, tsunami. Seluruh pemukiman yang berada di pantai barat gugusan kepulauan itu diterjang tsunami sehingga menewaskan lebih dari 400 orang.

Indonesia tidak lagi asing dengan bencana itu. Pada Desember 2004, tsunami besar terjadi di Aceh. Lalu tiga bulan berikutnya terjadi di Nias. Setahun lagi, tepatnya 17 Juli 2006, tsunami juga terjadi di Pangandaran, Jawa Barat.

Rekam jejak tunami ternyata sudah terjadi sejak tahun 6.000 Sebelum Masehi. Laman media ilmiah Livescience.com mencatat daftar tsunami maha dahsyat yang pernah terjadi di bumi.

6.000 SM

Gugusan salju besar di Sisilia longsor dan jatuh ke laut. Longsor yang terjadi pada 8 ribu tahun lalu ini memicu bencana tsunami tersebar di Laut Mediterrania. Tidak ada catatan sejarah bencana ini. Hanya para ilmuwan geologi memperkirakan tsunami dengan kecepatan 320 kilometer per jam ini mencapai ketinggian gedung 10 lantai.

1 November 1755

Setelah gempa yang menghancurkan Lisbon, Portugal, dan mengguncang sebagian besar Eropa. Orang-orang banyak yang berlindung di perahu. Namun, tsunami justru terjadi. Tak pelak bencana ini menewaskan lebih dari 60 ribu orang.

27 Agustus 1883

Letusan Gunung Krakatau di Selat Sunda, memicu tsunami yang menenggelamkan pesisir Sumatera, Jawa bagian utara, dan Kepulauan Seribu. Kekuatan gelombang bisa menyeret karang seberat 600 ton ke pantai. 36 ribu orang meninggal sia-sia.

15 Juni 1896

Gelombang setinggi 30 meter muncul sesaat setelah terjadi gempa di Jepang. Seluruh pantai timur disapu tsunami itu. 27 ribu orang meninggal.

1 April 1946

Gempa besar di Alaska menimbulkan gelombang besar di Hawaii. Bencana yang sering disebut sebagai misteri “April Fools Tsunami” itu menewaskan 159 orang.

9 Juli 1958

Gempa berkekuatan 8,3 SR di Alaska menyebabkan gelombang besar hingga 576 meter di Teluk Lituya, Alaska. Ini merupakan tsunami terbesar yang tercatat di zaman modern.

Untung saja, tsunami terjadi di tempat terisolir, sehingga tidak menimbulkan banyak korban. Tsunami ini hanya menyebabkan dua nelayan meninggal dunia, karena kapalnya karam diterjang ombak.

22 Mei 1960

Gempa bumi terbesar yang pernah tercatat sebesar 8,6 SR di Chile. Gempa ini menciptakan tsunami yang menghantam Pantai Chile dalam waktu 15 menit. Gelombang tinggi terjadi hingga 25 meter. Tsunami ini menewaskan 1.500 orang di Chile dan Hawaii.

27 Maret 1964

Gempa Alaska “Good Friday” berkekuatan 8,4 SR, menimbulkan gelombang 67 meter di kawasan Valdez Inlet, Alaska. Gelombang dengan kecepatan 640 kilometer per jam ini menewaskan lebih dari 120 orang. Sepuluh orang di antaranya dari Crescent City, California, yang juga mendapat kiriman ombak setinggi 6,3 meter.

23 Agustus 1976

Tsunami di Filipina barat daya menewaskan 8 ribu orang. Gelombang besar ini juga dipicu gempa bumi di sekitar pantai.

17 Juli 1998

Gempa dengan kekuatan 7,1 SR menghasilkan tsunami di Papua Nugini. Gelombang besa dengan cepat membunuh 2.200 orang.

26 Desember 2004

Gempa maha dahsyat dengan kekuatan 9,3 SR mengguncang di Samudra Hindia, lepas pantai barat Aceh. Gempa paling besar sepanjang 40 tahun terakhir ini menimbulkan gelombang tinggi di Sumatera Utara, Pantai Barat Semenanjung Malaysia, Thailand, Pantai Timur India, Sri Lanka, bahkan sampai Pantai Timur Afrika.

Setidaknya 320 ribu orang dari delapan negara meninggal dunia. Bencana ini merupakan kematian terbesar sepanjang sejarah.

28 Maret 2005

Tiga bulan kemudian tsunami juga terjadi di Sumatera. Gempa di lepas pantai Nias yang berkekuatan 8,7 SR itu memicu tsunami besar yang menewaskan 1.300 orang di Pulau Nias, Sumatera Barat.
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VIVAnews – An earthquake measuring 7.2 magnitude that rocked the Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, Monday, October 25, 2010, causing a wave of deadly attacks, the tsunami. All the settlements are located on the west coast islands were hit by a tsunami that killed more than 400 people.

Indonesia is no longer familiar with the disaster. In December 2004, the great tsunami occurred in Aceh. Then the next three months occurred in Nias. One more year, exactly 17 July 2006, the tsunami also occurred in Pangandaran, West Java.

Tunami track record was already in place since 6000 BC. Scientific media page Livescience.com records list all-powerful tsunamis that have occurred on Earth.

6,000 BC

Large cluster in Sicily snow avalanches and falls into the sea. Landslide that occurred at 8 thousand years ago has sparked the tsunami spread across the Mediterranean Sea. There is no historical record of this disaster. Only the scientists estimate tsunami geology at 320 kilometers per hour has reached a height of 10 floors building.

1 November 1755

After the earthquake that destroyed Lisbon, Portugal, and shook much of Europe. Many people who take refuge in the boat. However, the tsunami would occur. No doubt this disaster killed more than 60 thousand people.

August 27, 1883

The eruption of Mount Krakatau in the Sunda Strait, triggering a tsunami that drowned coast of Sumatra, northern Java, and the Thousand Islands. Wave strength can drag coral weighing 600 tons to the beach. 36 thousand people have died in vain.

June 15, 1896

Waves as high as 30 feet emerged shortly after the earthquake in Japan. All of the tsunami that swept the east coast. 27 thousand people died.

1 April 1946

Large earthquake in Alaska cause big waves in Hawaii. Disasters are often referred to as the “mystery” April Fools tsunami “that killed 159 people.

July 9, 1958

8.3 Richter magnitude earthquake in Alaska sends out a wave of up to 576 meters in Lituya Bay, Alaska. It is the largest tsunami recorded in modern times.

Fortunately, the tsunami occurred in isolated places, so it does not cause many casualties. Tsunamis are only left two fishermen died, because the ship sank, hit by the waves.

May 22, 1960

The largest earthquake ever recorded of 8.6 magnitude in Chile. This earthquake created a tsunami that struck Chile Beaches within 15 minutes. High waves occur up to 25 meters. The tsunami killed 1,500 people in Chile and Hawaii.

March 27, 1964

Alaska Earthquake “Good Friday” measuring 8.4 magnitude, caused waves of 67 meters at Valdez Inlet region, Alaska. Wave at 640 kilometers per hour, killing more than 120 people. Ten of them were from the Crescent City, California, who also got sent waves as high as 6.3 meters.

August 23, 1976

Tsunami in the southwest Philippines killed at 8 thousand people. This great wave also triggered earthquakes in the vicinity of the beach.

July 17, 1998

An earthquake with magnitude 7.1 force generate a tsunami in Papua New Guinea. BESA wave quickly kill 2,200 people.

December 26, 2004

All-powerful earthquake with a strength of 9.3 magnitude rocked the Indian Ocean, off the west coast of Aceh. Largest earthquake during the last 40 years has led to high waves in North Sumatra, West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, the East Coast of India, Sri Lanka, even to the East Coast of Africa.

At least 320 thousand people from eight countries died. This disaster is the biggest death throughout history.

March 28, 2005

Three months later, tsunami also occurred in Sumatera. Off the coast of Nias Earthquake measuring 8.7 Richter which sparked a major tsunami that killed 1,300 people on Nias Island, West Sumatra.

About Hadiansyah

Seorang anak manusia yang terlahir di bumi arema. Menyukai banyak hal, tantangan dan pecinta kereta api. Kiprahnya di dunia anak-bertekad memperjuangkan hak dan eksistensi anak-tak luput dari teater yang bisa membesarkan namanya. Suka berpetualang-tentunya naik kereta api-membuat bocah berhobi traveling ini bisa membuka mata dan menikmati indahnya dunia. Aktif di dunia jurnalis, sosial dan organisasi lainnya. Kelak ia ingin menjadi insan yang berguna bagi bangsa dan dunia...

Posted on October 30, 2010, in Article. Bookmark the permalink. 2 Comments.

  1. a verry shoking news to hear that the people had died in that reagion

  2. Yeah, especially those area which is close to Indian Ocean and tsunami frequently happen in ocean who has continental plate.

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